Types of annotated bibliographies Descriptive or informative Analytical or critical To get started What is an annotation? None of the examples in this handout uses the latter style, but an example of the point-form or telegraphic style would be: If one were really writing an annotation for this source, one would offer a brief summary of what this book says about stem cell research. The APA Publication Manual doesn’t have any guidelines for annotated bibliographies, but their organization says that the following layout would fit well in a paper otherwise formatted in APA style. Annotated bibliographies may be arranged alphabetically or chronologically, check with your instructor to see what he or she prefers. A long annotated bibliography may be preceded by an introduction to the topic chosen, with a discussion of the rationale behind the selection of the entries for the bibliography as well as the exclusion of others, and the timeframe covered.

The fourth letters in each name are “L” and “R,” respectively. The length of your annotation will depend on the assignment or on the purpose of your annotated bibliography. Does it seem like a reliable and current source? If you have been tasked with writing annotations as part of a research paper or project, you can begin to create this element while you identify and analyze your sources. In the next section, you will find an annotated bibliography MLA example which includes the full page formatting, and will also have the opportunity to practice creating an annotated bibliography example in MLA style. This editorial from the Economist describes the controversy surrounding video games and the effect they have on people who use them. For example, say you have “Sheldon,” “Smith,” and “Sherry” as last names you need to alphabetize.

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The list bibbliography be sorted alphabetically, but you will need to format the citations with proper indentations and such still. For example, this source is a very short scholarly article.


Sometimes, you will be alphabetizing by title. The purpose of alphabetzed summary or descriptive annotated bibliography is to give the reader a summary of the main findings or arguments in a source with no analysis or evaluation.

Locate records to materials that may apply to your topic.

is annotated bibliography alphabetized

Sources appear in alphabetical order by author surname or title. Please note that in these samples, the citations follow the APA format.

For example, did this writer have access to sources that former writers were unable to access; did the writer fail to take important information into consideration? The entire document is double spaced from the title to the last line.

A Complete Guide to the MLA Annotated Bibliography – EasyBib Blog

Secrets of the Perfect Turn of Phrase. If your book has more than one author, use the author whose name is listed first to alphabetize, though you will list all of the names in the citation.

is annotated bibliography alphabetized

Note the “inverse paragraph” format: The following excerpt from a student paper 4 annotates a primary source the text of an original speech. This article was co-authored by Michelle Golden, PhD. The right margin is not justified.

Contains brief descriptions of important legislation. First, though, you must understand the basics of alphabetizing. This article is a good resource for those wanting to begin to explore the controversy surrounding video games, however for anyone doing serious research, one should actually examine some of the research studies that have been done in this area rather than simply take the author’s word bibliograpny opposition to video games is simply due to an issue of generational divide.

How to Write an Annotated Bibliography – APA Style

Ask your professor what referencing style you should use. You will not normally need to assign a number for each alphabetuzed unless you are so instructed.

Not only will this approach help you to hone your research skills and identify sources that are relevant and useful for your topic, but you will also save time.


Choose by paragraph and text in ascending order. In addition to forming the citations, you can also enter your annotation text to produce the complete entry for each source. A bibliography is a complete list of the sources that were used to complete a research paper or project. If you are referring to a tweet or other online message, use the first letter of the author’s ‘name’ in the alphabetical list and exclude the.

Search and cite automatically with EasyBib! Michelle Golden is an English teacher in Athens, Georgia. If you have been tasked with writing annotations as part of a research paper or project, you can begin to create this element while you identify and analyze your sources. While the author briefly mentions studies done around the issue of violence and gaming, he does not go into enough depth for the reader to truly know the range of studies that have actually been done in this area, other than to take his word that the research is unsatisfactory.

Keep going until you’ve sorted all your citations. Before you can alphabetize, you need to make sure you have your citations correct. Look at the title if bilbiography book has no author. The rapidity and pervasiveness of this change seem to defy an evolutionary explanation rooted in punctuated equilibrium or phenotypic change, and could indicate a sudden population influx through the newly opened corridor.

Late Quaternary vertebrates and the opening of aannotated ice-free corridor, with special reference to the genus Bison.

Writing An Annotated Bibliography | Library

Since “L” comes before “R” in the alphabet, “Sheldon” comes before “Sherry” in annotate bibliography. Note also that the entries are alphabetized by the first word in the bibliographic entry. Bibliographies In other languages: