In that way education seems to be the best way to start. This action led to the founding of Greenpeace , which became more identified with environmental issues as time went by. Deep ecologists claim to identify with non-human nature, and in doing so, criticise those who claim they have no understanding of what non-human nature’s desires and interests are. However, Singer has disagreed with deep ecology’s belief in the intrinsic value of nature separate from questions of suffering, taking a more utilitarian stance. Actions are often symbolic or have other political aims. Sustainability accounting Sustainability measurement Sustainability metrics and indices Sustainability reporting Standards and certification Sustainable yield. Conservation Crisis Efficiency Footprint Reclaimed.

Peter Singer’s book Animal Liberation critiqued anthropocentrism and put the case for animals to be given moral consideration. Social ecologists believe that environmental problems are firmly rooted in the manner of human social interaction, and protest that an ecologically sustainable society could still be socially exploitative. Millions have joined the international environmental movement since its seminal campaigns in the s against the overuse of DDT and other pesticides. Works Cited Bookchin, Murray. Development The phrase “deep ecology” was coined by the Norwegian philosopher Arne Naess in ,[1] and he helped give it a theoretical foundation. Deep ecologists claim to identify with non-human nature, and in doing so, deny those who claim that non-human or non-sentient lifeforms’ needs or interests are nonexistent or unknowable.

Deforestation Desalination Desertification Environmental impact of agriculture of aviation of biodiesel of concrete of electricity generation of the energy industry of fishing of irrigation of mining of off-roading of oil shale industry of palm oil of paper of the petroleum industry of reservoirs of shipping of war Industrialisation Land degradation Land reclamation Overconsumption Pollution Quarrying Urbanization Loss of green belts Urban sprawl Waste Water scarcity Overdrafting.

Among the astronauts that witnessed seeing the whole Earth firsthand was Edgar D. These great movements were further catalyzed by the now iconic images of the whole Earth floating in space taken during the return of the Apollo space missions from their journey to the moon. Affinity group Anarcho-syndicalism Synthesis anarchism Platformism Union of egoists. Animal rights activists state that for an entity to require rights and protection intrinsicallyit must have interests.


The criticism is that the interests that a deep ecologist attributes to non-human organisms such as survival, reproduction, growth, and prosperity are really human interests. This action led to the founding of Greenpeacewhich became more ecoloy with environmental issues as time went by.

The destruction of habitats and threats to biodiversity resulting from expansion of human population and consumption is rarely addressed in a way that confronts students with the necessity to consider moral ecoloty of such destruction.

Daring to Care: Deep Ecology and Effective Popular Environmentalism

Nevertheless, Silent Spring pointedly avoids relying on biocentric arguments. Sustainability education aims to help learners understand their interconnectedness with all life, to become creative problem solvers and active citizens, and to engage personally and intellectually in shaping our common future. Works Cited Bookchin, Murray.

arne naess deep ecology essay

Deep ecology’s core principle is the belief that the living environment as a whole should be respected and regarded as having certain basic moral and legal rights to live and flourish, independent of its instrumental benefits for human use. Wendell Berry Ernest Callenbach G. An Introductory Anthology attempts to clarify that “deep ecologists have been the strongest critics of anthropocentrismso much so that they have often been accused of a mean-spirited misanthropy”; however, “deep ecology is actually vitally concerned with humans realizing their best potential” and “is explicit in offering a vision of an alternative way of living that is joyous and enlivening.

Retrieved 9 December They refer to Fritjof Capra’s The Tao of Physics and The Turning Point for their characterisation of how the new physics leads to metaphysical and ecological views of interrelatedness, which, according to Capra, should make deep ecology a framework for future human societies. Thoreau and a New Vision for Civilization and Nature.

In their book Deep Ecology[17] Bill Devall and George Sessions identify a wide range of sources of deep ecology. Deep ecologists hope to influence social and political change through their philosophy. Peter Singer’s book Animal Liberation critiqued anthropocentrism and put the case for animals to be given moral consideration. Birth control Family planning Control Overpopulation Zero growth.


Although Ecopsychology is a highly differentiated umbrella that encompasses many practices and perspectives, its ethos is generally consistent with DE. Articles needing additional references from June Fssay articles needing additional references All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from November Articles with unsourced statements from November Articles with unsourced statements from October Articles with unsourced statements from April Articles containing Spanish-language text Wikipedia articles with GND identifiers.

Anthropocene Earth system governance Ecological modernization Environmental governance Environmentalism Global catastrophic risk Human impact on the environment Planetary boundaries Social sustainability Stewardship Sustainable development.

Deep ecology – Wikipedia

For this we need ecological wisdom. Misunderstanding scientific information Daniel Botkin[18] has likened deep ecology to its antithesis, the wise use movement, when he says that they both “misunderstand scientific information and then arrive at conclusions based on their misunderstanding, which are in turn used as justification for their naese. Social ecologists such as Murray Bookchin[20] claim that deep ecology esssay to link environmental crises with authoritarianism and hierarchy. Teaching Deep Ecology to Business Students”.

This page was last edited on 12 Februaryat Retrieved from ” https: Deep ecology seeks a more holistic view of the zrne we live in and seeks to apply to life the understanding that separate parts of the ecosystem including humans function as a whole. It is ecolkgy when it tends otherwise. A further scientific source for deep ecology adduced by Devall and Sessions is the “new physics”, which they describe as shattering Descartes ‘s and Newton ‘s vision of the universe as a machine explainable in terms of simple linear cause and effect.

Further, both hold that the actions of modern civilization threaten global ecological well-being.

arne naess deep ecology essay

Learning how to live in harmony with our surroundings is beneficial because stopping the global extinction crisis and achieving true ecological sustainability will require rethinking our values as a society.